What is OA?
There are two types of knowledge needed to make decisions. These are Situation Awareness (SA), knowledge of what’s going on, and Option Awareness (OA), knowledge of what to do about it.
Decision makers need both SA and OA to make high-quality decisions.
Situation Awareness (SA)
is knowledge of what’s going on.
SA is about now.
Levels of Awareness
SA and OA both have three conceptual levels. Each level increases the decision maker’s awareness.
Levels of SA
|1. Perception: What’s going on?|
|2. Comprehension: What matters about what’s going on?|
|3. Projection: Based on what’s going on, what will happen next?|
Levels of OA
|1. Comparison: What’s the relative desirability of my available options over the plausible range of potential futures?|
|2. Discrimination: What are the underlying factors, trade-offs, and tipping points influencing the desirability of those options? What are the conditions under which those options lead to more and less desirable outcomes?|
|3. Enhancement: Based on what I now know about the factors influencing my options, what else can I do to produce even better options?|
© The MITRE Corporation. All Rights Reserved. Approved for Public Release; distribution unlimited; case #20-03307-1.
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